Transportation costs are expected to rise across the board across the U, driven largely by an increase in fuel and vehicle maintenance costs, according to new data from the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. 

    The figures, released Wednesday, also show that the costs of driving rose by 0.1 percent in the first three months of 2018, from $1,742 per person in January to $1 (U.S.) per person on average in June. 

    For a driver, those savings add up to a savings of more than $4,000 a year, or more than 40 percent of his or her household income. 

    But the report also found that driver costs rose by more than 0.2 percent in June and July. 

    Drivers spent an average of $3,800 per person per month on transportation costs, the most in more than two years, the Federal reserve said. 

    Those savings add to the annual cost of driving of about $11,000, the report said.

    The Fed report also noted that more than a third of drivers in the United States drive to work and that the percentage of drivers driving to work increased from 3.6 percent in January 2018 to 4.6 in June 2018. 

    In New York City, where the cost of fuel and maintenance is the second-highest after transportation, the cost for the average driver to commute to work rose from $8.42 per hour in January and June to $8,942.19 per hour on average.

    In Philadelphia, where drivers were the least likely to commute, the costs rose from about $4.25 per hour to $5.33 per hour.

    Transportation spending is expected to continue to grow, the Fed said, because of the rising cost of energy, and as more people use the Internet to access information and services. 

    “The increasing cost of transportation, in particular fuel and operating expenses, has been a driving force for a significant share of the recent growth in vehicle fuel use and vehicle operating costs,” the Fed noted.

    “The rising costs of these items are particularly relevant to the growth of the non-U.s. manufacturing sector.”

    The rise in fuel costs is also likely to have an impact on the ability of American consumers to afford car ownership.

    Despite a slowdown in car sales, the median price of a new car was up 2.3 percent in August, according a report from AutoTrader. 

    Gas prices in the metro areas with the highest inflation rates, however, have also risen.

    That increase, too, has slowed demand.